Nokor Bachey Temple
Norkor Bachey temple is a culture and historical site. It is located 2.2 kilometers from kampong cham provincial town along nation road 7, about 122 kilometers northeast of phnom penh vistors traveling from phnom penh will see the gate to the 11th century, during the reign of suryavar man II and king ouphey dedecating the reign of suryavar man II and king ouphey dedecating to Brahmanism. The temple is about 200 meters inside the gated. The site is access sible to almost all types of vehicles.
The temple is divided as follows:
Tonle Om is a pond about 400 by 500 meter in area, about 300 meter east of the temple.
The first gallery surrounds the temple. It is about 3 meters high and 2.5 meters wide. Today much of the first gallery has been damaged. Points of interest in the gallery include six lion statues at the entrance to the second gallery ; eight statues of Naga behind the six lions; and two statues of Asura that guard both sides of the entrance.
The Second gallery features two statues of decho dam din, the commander of the army, two statues of asura, and two ponds, both 20 meters square, located between the first and the second galleries. The ponds are full of lotus flowers and never dry up, even in the dry season.
The third gallery, wider than the first two galleries, has entrances on all four sides. This gallery includes statues of Vishnu with eight arms and the other with four on either side of the main entrance.
The fourth gallery is constructed of laterites and was built like a room. It has eight entrances.
Phnom Pros Phnom Srei
Phnom Pros Phnom Srei is located in kraal commune, kam pong siem district, about 7 kilometers from kampong cham provincial town of about 114 kilometers from phnom penh.
Phnom Pros is a dull peak hill about 30 meter high. On the hill is pagoda named wat sovankiri rattanak phnom pros. It has a spot for vehicles to park at the top. The main temple is five peaks, constructed in the style of banteay srei temple in siem reap. Another temple on phnom pros has two peaks and was constructed during the sangkum reastre niyum regime of then prince norodom sihanouk near the temple is a 15 meter high stupa, which was constructed by a monk named keo sour, who was the first head monk of the pagoda. A kot is at the foot of the hill. From 1975 to 1979, during the khmer rouge regime, phnom pros was used as a prison and torture center.
About 1000 meters north of phnom pros, there is another higher hill with a sharp-pointed peak called phnom srei. There are also several smaller hills at phnom srei called phnom dangrek, phnom ly and phnom chhuk. Visitors can reach the peak by climbing 308 steps. at the top are the remnants of a destroyed temple. No monks live there, how ever, there is a duan chi who cares for the site and asks visitors for donations to rebuild the temple.
This site is popular with Cambodians during traditional festval like khmer New Year and Pchum Ben. At the top of the hill affords visitors a beautiful view of kampong cham province.
Preah That Teuk Chhar
Preah Theat Teuk Chhar is a group of temples in thmo da village, beung nay commune and thmei village, krouch commune in prey chhar district, about 39 kilometers from kampong cham provincial town. Visitors Can reach preah theat teuk char by taking national road 7 from kampong cham; turn right at the again and driving another 5 kilometers along a canal trail, to the temple site.
The temples were constructed in AD 1005, during the reign of king suryavarman I. as proposed by king’s adviser chung chheal the king agreed to build these temples and leak sentra started construction on the site called sithiborya that which owned by the king, who also contributed money. Leak sintra, however, used his salesmanship to encourage the local people to contribute money as well, until the project was finished.
One of the temples houses a shiva lingam named sreipa tresvara, and two divinity statues called paramesvara and sarasvata at both sides. Anothers cavelike temple believed to house a god is located along a canal, near a waterfall. Badly damaged over the years, only one door frame remains today, and it is overgrown with vegetation.
The architect excavated a large pond pond on the right side of the temple called leaksintrada. A golden silva lingam was kept in the middle of the pond. Nearby, a villages of wealthy people was formed. In addition, peope from nearby villages ware invited to live there , too, and the village soon became a crowded but cheerful town.
Leaksintra told the king of the new town, and the king went there to celebrate the town’s inauguration in AD 1025. He gave the city numerous gifts, including 29 soldiers and a rice field that surrounded the temple. He had ponds dug and a huge court built for festival celebrations and he gave decorations for the temple. He named the site leaksintrabot in honor of the temple. He named the site leaksintrabot in honor of its architect, leaksintra.
Later, the site became a place for religious worship. The religions practiced changed from king to king. Some kings practiced Brahmanism, while some practiced Mahayana Buddhism. Others were Theravada Buddhists, which explains why there are so many small temples at preah theat teuk char. All told, there are 551 small temple which are influenced by Brahmanism and Buddhism. Some of the temples contain statues of heroes who gave their lives for the nation.
Many of the temple were destroyed by years of war. Others ware heavily damaged. Today, monks and visitors to the site search in hopes of finding the name and foundations of these temple so they might be rebuilt. Some temples have been rebuild already, their wood and tile roofing replaced with concrete.
Next to Preah Theat Teuk Chhar temples is a canal dug during ancient times. Water fills the canal year round, and the water is very clear and free-flowing, making it popular with tourists who enjoy bathing in it. At one time, there ware many trees and plants along both sides of the canal, but they ware removed to make a big plain, where the water flows alongside the main temple.
Today, the ancient pond designed by leaksintra is vast source of water that is contained by a dam built several years ago. The water that fills the canal flows south from kampong cham province, pass the temple and into the big slit, which for many years has been full of water that irrigates the rice fields of nearby villages such as Kroch village in prey chhar district.
Because the canal is old, the ministry of agriculture has built a dam to store water to supply thousands of hectares of rice fields in prey chhar district, kampong cham province and baray district in kampong thom province.
The surface of teuk chha is 3 square kilomaters. The water that fills it comes from about ten source in the mountainous northeast and the plateau region, which is called kbal teuk. This basin has an average depth of 2 meters. The water flows through three channels. Any two of the channels can be closed at one time, allowing the water to flow into the third channel and into the dam.
The first channel is opened every day, and the rapidly flowing water sounds much like a waterfall, attracting many tourists. The second channel is opened only occasionally during festival days; therefore the water flow is not very strong. Water from the north channel flows only during the rainy season, because during the dry season, the water level is lower than the dam.
Because the canal of teuk chhar is angled like a carpenter’s tool, people can swim there. Since the water is clear, visitor can watch schools of small fish swimming in opposite direction of the water flow. In addition, the trees that line the canal bank hold many birds and provide shade and shelter to visitors. The cool climate along with the water and big trees that surround the ancient temple make this site popular with tourists and locals, who enjoy spending their holidays there. Thus, place is very well known.
Nokor Knong-Krau Temple
Nokor Knong-Krau temple is an ancient site located in prey nokor village, dauntei commune, ponnhear krek district ,about 42 kilometers southeast of kampong cham provincial town along national road 7. Visitor can reach this site via five trails at dauntei commune town: khna, Preah theat, kandol chhrum, damnak char and prey nokor paths.
Prey Nokor temple was build in the 9 century. It’s design resembles sambo prek kuk temple. In the 16th century, king kon escaped to prey nokor to avoid being killed by king sreisokunbot. While there, king kon mobilized his own forces and eventually defeated king sreisokunbot.
Prey Nokor Knong-Krau encompasses 2500 square meters.
The site of an ancient temple is at the top of the hill. It in cludes three structures built of solid brick. One of the structures is no longer standing, while the others two remain, along with some ancient statues and other object related to Brahmanism. A Relatively new temple sites on the same terrance, not far from the ancient structures. Villagers who live near the site believe that the ancient temple are protected by magic objects, and if visitors do not pray to the objects, their photographs will not turn out.
Preah Theat temple
Preah Theat temple is east of thom temple. It includes six ancient temples. Of these six, five ware destroyed by war and the remaining temple has nearly collapsed as a result of thieves digging for treasures. Northeat of thom temple is preah theat pond. In ancient times this pond was a canal.
Koh Andet Koh Prak
Koh Andet Koh Prak is an island inside a pond, north of prey nokor village. It is 30 meters long and 20 meters wide. It is also know as srah teum.
The rampart surrounds Prey nokor knong-krau city. It consists of a complex of wild bamboo that was planted to block access to the city. The rampart was originally 10 meters high and 15 meters wide. It is now only 1.2 meter high and 3 meter wide each side is 2500 meters long. Some parts of the rampart have been damaged.
This ancient site is popular among animists and tourists who wish to pray and enjoy traditional games during traditional festival days.
Wat Preah Theat Thma Da Temple
Wat preah theat thma da temple is an ancient site located in preah theat thma da village, preah theat commune Orang Oav district about 38 kilometers southeast of kam pong cham provincial town. Take national road 7 from kampong cham town, turn right at national road 11 and continue on to o’rang oav district. The site is 8 kilometers down a dirt trail.
Wat preah theat thma da temple is 190 meters long and 160 meters wide. The temple includes preah temple and a pond that is 180 meters wide and 950 meters long the water in the pond is very clear. It is called tonle san gout. Along the temple is another temple called preah vihear preah chul nipean. At one time there was a statue of the reclining Buddha reaching nirvana, but the statue was stolen.
There are a number of statues in wat preah theat thma da that local people worship. They include statues of atitepvero, kongchak, hekpous, srei krupleak, tousmuk and ang krong pleung.
Behind the temple there is another hall meru mena built during French colonial times. At the front door there is a meru with a lintel that is sculpte on sandstone. Much of it has been damaged. Inside meru, is a sculpture of haothi neang umaparvati which the brahmans worshiped. It is believed that if a coconut is dropped into the hole inside meru the coconut will appear in the middle of the pond meru was built was on the site of an old temple.
Phnom Han Chey (Phnom Chey Kiri)
Han Chey or Phnom Chey Kiri is located in han chey village, han chey commune, kampong siem district about 18 kilometers east of kampong cham provincial town on the northern part of the Mekong river. The distance by water is 20 kilometers.
The top of the mountain is reached by climbing 295 steps on the top of mountain there is a pagoda and one temple known as south kuk temple. Constructed of solid brick make of red clay, it is 7 meters square and 12 meters high the reign of king isanavarman I. much of the temple has collapsed. Next to it is a second temple made of sandstone. It is 2 meters cubic in circumference and has a roof.
At the foot of the mountain, there is another temple made of basalt called neang khmao temple or noth kuk temple. It s 7 square meters. Today this temple is near collapse because it has not been maintained.
Many tourist visit these sites. Many foreigners prefer to come by water, and they often travel in groups. Phnom han chey is 63 meters high and offers tourists beautiful views of the countryside and the Mekong river from its summit.
Phnom Cheung Prey Temple
Phnom cheung prey which has a long history and beautiful scenery has become a popular destination for tourists. It is located in rovieng village rovieng commune chueng prey district about 56 kilometers west of kampong cham provincial town. It is only 2 kilometers off national road 7 on a gravel trail.
Most visitors who visit phnom cheung prey believe that the hill has a magical object. Local villagers are very superstitious about the hill and they pray at the temple on top of it Mr. Meun Met, a 40-Year-Old astrologer and traditional medical practitioner, said that based on this observations most visitor come from phnom penh while only a few come from kampong cham provincial town and nearby districts. Most of these people meun met said come for medical treatment and to pray to the spirits such as neakta krahom ko.
Phnom Cheung Prey was divided into two hills. The eastern hill is called phnom pros or phnom preah bat they are about 500 meters apart.
On Phnom Srei, Sits an ancient temple made of laterite and built in 12th century. All but about 30 percent of the temple has been destroyed the hill is accessible by three sets of stairs on the north the south and the east sides phnom srei 40 meters high while phnom pros is only 30 meters. Cars can travel to the of phnom pros.
According to khmer folklore the story of how phnom srei and phnom pros came to be is similar to the story of phnom pros and phnom srei in kampong siem district. In both cases men and women competed to see who could build the taller hill. In this story, however, the place where the women dug the earth to build their hill became a big pond called srah teuk preah, which can hold water for the entire year. Meanwhile the place where the men dug the earth to build their hill became a big pond that holds no water. That pond is called srah kampeng sanguot it is said that srah kampeng sanguot has no water because the women put a curse on it.
Next to srah teuk preah Is another pond 50 meters square and 4 meters deep. It is called srah leang cheung because before climbing the hill, people wash their feet there.
There are many objects on the hill, including a buddha’s footprint stone, which Buddhists believe to be a magical object key neang teav stone, stone of ta preng’s foot print khun chhang’s place and west of the cave there is a stone hole called Ronlor Ta Preng . there is also a rampart made of laterite that encircles the hill. At one time, the rampart was 4 meters wide and 6 meters long on each side but now only parts remain.
The site is a mountain the features a cliff and waterfall. Inaccessible at one time, it has become a popular tourist destination in kampong cham province. Where visitors can see real nature. Those who have visited will never forget the jungle and the beautiful waterfull that is perfect for swimming. Buddhists often come there to pray to the Buddha statue and to seek blessings from the monk who lives there.
According to local authorities, there are 1800 hectares of jungle at haong. Some of the trees have been cut by local villagers to clear land to farm. Haong is in memut district on the border of tembe district about 90 kilometers east of the provincial town. The road to haong is desolate so it is recommended that visitors either take a tour there or travel with a group of people.
At on time, Haong was entirely jungle. Then a monk named prak mony arrived there and haong began to change to day monks live there and a pagoda is being built. A visit to haong is an unforgettable experience.
Chhrouy Chek is a name of the palce that was built for stocking water to irrigate the rice fields. Its becautiful flora and water sources have made it a popular location for kampong cham dwellers to visit, especially on weekends and holidays. Young people in particular engjoy swimming there.
The site is about 15 kilometers from the provincial town north of kampong siem district the road is good and there are lots of food stands along the way some food can be served with no waiting. There are also floating houses that can be rented for 2000 riel (USD 0.50), where visitor can sit and relax. Boats are also available to rent.
Chhrouy Chek dam was built from 1975 to 1978, during the khmer rouge regime, for the purpose of storing water to grow rice during the dry season. Many Cambodians died while building this dam, and others were killed by the khmer rounge the place where they died is called prey tranoab.